It’s nearly a year since the
The author also quotes Williams v Sprint, a slightly older case from 2005, where the judge ruled that where electronic documents are required to be produced, they must be in the original format including metadata. This still seems to be a grey area, and the FRCP guidance seems to also have picked up on the judge’s statement in this case that producing documents “as they are maintained in the regular course of business” is sufficient.
The lesson? Put in place a policy now that manages and cleans metadata in business documents, before any litigation!